Maize yield per acre:

If you are a maize farmer, the yields you get per acre is of great concern.

Your goal is to harvest sufficient yields to…

NOT ONLY cover production cost, but also make profit.

Therefore…

“How do you ensure you get the right maize yields per acre?”

To achieve this objective, you must do the following:

Step 1: Choose the Right Maize Variety

In Kenya, there are a number of maize varieties.

Each of these varieties are bred for growing at a specific altitude.

They are also bred to overcome a specific problem associated with maize production.

For example, you’ll find maize varieties suitable for highland areas, mid altitude areas, low altitude areas and even the Coastal strip.

You’ll also find varieties resistant to maize streak virus, blights, lodging, cob rot, etc.

Each of these varieties also happen to produce different yields of maize per acre.

You might also like: Green Maize Farming in Kenya Profitable? 10 Amazing Reasons

Here Below Is a Complete List of Maize Varieties In Kenya and Their Yield Per Acre (80 KILO Bags)

Variety

Suitable altitude

Maturity period months

Tolerances

Yield/Acre in 80kg bags

Company

SC Duma 43

Mid to low attitude

3

Drought and heat stress

20-30

African Seed company

SC Punda Milia

Mid altitude areas of western Kenya, Central rift, South Nyanza, upper Eastern and Central

4

Common maize diseases

30-40

African Seed company

SC Simba 61

High altitude areas of Kakamega, Mumias, Teso, Kisii, Transmara, South rift, Bomet, Mulot, upper eastern and Central provinces

4-5

Maize streak virus, Cob rots, GLS

35-40

African Seed company

SC Tembo

High Altitude areas of Eldoret, Kakamega, Bungoma, Kisii, Molo, Njoro, Nyahururu, Aberdare ranges, Eastern and Central

5

Maize streak virus, Cob rots, GLS, common leaf rust

35-58

African Seed company

KH 600-20A

High Altitude areas of Eldoret, Kitale, Kakamega, Mt Elgon, Kapsabet, Nandi Hills, Kisii, Narok, Central Province, Bungoma, Lugari

6

Blights

36-53

African Seed company

KH 500-43A

Mid altitude areas of Central and upper areas of Eastern and Western Kenya

5

Maize streak virus

28-32

East Africa Seed company

H 614 D

Highland Variety

1500-1800 meters Above sea level

7 months

GLS, Blight

38

Kenya Seed Company

H624D

1500-1800 Meters above sea level

6 Months

GLS, Blight

46

Kenya Seed Company

H 629

1500-1800 Meters above sea level

6 Months

Ear Rot

48

Kenya Seed Company

H9401

1500-2800 meters above sea level

5-7 months

Ear rot, GLS, stem & leaf blight

50

Kenya Seed Company

H 6210

1500-2800 meters above sea level

7 months

GLS, Blight

52

Kenya Seed Company

H 6218

1500-2800 meters above sea level

7 months

Blight

56

Kenya Seed Company

H 513

800-1700 meters above sea level

3 months

 

24

Kenya Seed Company

H 516

800-1700 meters above sea level

4 months

Blight, Rust, Lodging

28

Kenya Seed Company

H 517

800-1700 meters above sea level

3-4 months

Cob rot, Maize streak Virus

30

Kenya Seed Company

H 519

800-1700 meters above sea level

3-4 months

Maize streak virus, Gray Leaf spot

30

Kenya Seed Company

H 528

800-1700 meters above sea level

3-4 months

Striga weeds

30

Kenya Seed Company

PH 1

1-1200 meters above sea level

2 ½ months

Drought resistant

20

Kenya Seed Company

PH 2

1-1200 meters above sea level

2 ½ months

Heat tolerant

24

Kenya Seed Company

DH 01

800-1500 meters above sea level

2 ½ months

Blight, Rust

15

Kenya Seed Company

DH 02

800-1500 meters above sea level

2 ½ months

Moisture stress, Maize streak virus

16

Kenya Seed Company

DH 04

800-1500 meters above sea level

3 months

Ear rots

28

Kenya Seed Company

H 532

800-1700 meters above sea level

3 months

Drought tolerant

30

Kenya Seed Company

PAN 691

High Altitude

6 months

Common rust, northern leaf blight, leaf spot

 

Pannar seed Company

PAN 683

High altitude

6 months

Common rust, northern leaf blight, leaf spot

 

Pannar seed Company

PAN 7 M 97

Mid altitude

5 months

Cob diseases, tolerant to weevils

 

Pannar seed Company

PAN 4M 19

Low altitude

4 months

Grey leaf spot

 

Pannar seed Company

PAN 63

Mid altitude

4 months

Maize streak virus

 

Pannar seed Company

PAN 67

Mid altitude

4 months

Grey leaf spot, northern corn blight, acidic soil

 

Pannar seed Company

PAN 86-93

Mid Altitude

4 months

Excellent disease resistance

 

Pannar seed Company

Step 2: Grow The Right Maize Population Per Acre for High Maize Yields

A recent study conducted by crop nuts indicated that maize population per acre affects the yield of maize per acre.

The study found out, farmers get low yields because of low plant populations.

A low plant population leads to:

  1. Missed targets regarding yields
  2. Wastage of fertilizer where fertilizer is fed using machinery.
  3. Overgrowth of weeds because you end up putting fertilizer on weeds instead of maize.

How do you solve the issue of low plant population… so that you can have the desired maize yield per acre?

  1. When using maize planters, you have to calibrate them properly so that you achieve a plant population of 25,000 -30,000 per acre.

By doing this you increase your maize yield per acre automatically.

  1. Ensure that you grow maize at the right spacing. The best spacing is 25 cm between plants and 75 cm between rows. 25cmX75cm.

Timing of Planting is Crucial for High Maize Yields Per Acre

Do the perfect timing, and you’ll Skyrocket your yields per acre!

The question is how do you do it?

  1. Prepare the land early during the dry season. Do this at least 3 weeks before the commencement of rain.
  2. Plant your maize one to one and a half week before the commencement of rain.
You can get great maize yields per hectare

Have an Effective Weed Control Plan

Weeds when left unchecked will significantly reduce your maize yields per acre.

To ensure this does not happen, use the right pre-emergent and post emergent herbicides.

For post emergent herbicide, I recommend Basagram whose active ingredient is Bentazone.

You can also use Roundup during the early land preparation stage to kill perennial weeds.

Please note that Roundup (Glyphosate) is a non-selective herbicide

Green maize farming is a wonderful investment

Conduct a Soil Test to Determine Soil PH and Fertility

Many farmers blindly use fertilizers on their maize crop.

They do not know whether the fertilizer that they have applied will increase maize yields per acre or not.

Why?

Most of them never test their soils.

Consequently, they are unaware of the nutrient deficiencies or PH of their soil.

Prepare for Success

Once you’ve put in everything you’ll learnt above, you need to be ready to profit big.

Have a solid postharvest plan so that you don’t lose the maize yield you’ve struggled to achieve.

Be proactive in your marketing so that you get top profits out of your labor.

That’s it for today!

What are your thoughts on how to increase your maize yield per acre?

Share them below

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