Passion fruit plant: All You Need to Know about Passion Growing
Passion fruit is one of the most popular tropical fruits in the world.
It is used in the manufacture of commercial juices, or eaten fresh without processing.
Most people love passion juice because of its unique acidic flavor.
So if you are thinking of growing, importing, or exporting passion, you cannot go wrong!
Origin of The Passion Fruit Plant
Horticulturists around the world believe the plant originated in the tropical areas of South America.
However, nobody exactly knows how it spread to other parts of the world.
Nevertheless, people assume, merchants, traders, or colonialists distributed the fruit to Africa, Australia, Thailand, The Mediterranean, and other parts of the world.
Growth Habits of the Passion
The plant is a vine.
What this means it does not grow upright like a tree.
Instead it grows along the ground.
For that reason, passion farmers need to trellis the plant to protect it from diseases, pests, and increase its yield potential.
Here’s another amazing growth characteristic of the passion plant:
“Once the plant matures, it never stops flowering and fruiting.”
That ability to flower and fruit continually means that there is no distinct passion fruit season.
“What can be sweet news to farmers, exporters, and importers of the fruit than that?”
Unlike dealing in other plants that available seasonally, passion is available throughout the year.
As long as you irrigate passion during dry seasons, you can harvest fruit continually.
That’s not all.
The passion plant has a long lifespan.
It can produce fruit for over 3 years!
Once a farmer does the initial investment during the first year, the subsequent years become years of harvesting pure profit.
Passion fruit is truly an amazing plant!
The Length of Time Passion Takes to Attain Maturity
Generally speaking, when you plant a passion seed, it takes about 12-13 months to mature and start fruiting.
However, the exact maturity date for passion fruit in your area will depend on:
- The passionfruit variety
- The climatic conditions of your region
- Soil fertility
- Your skills in plant propagation and management.
Propagation of the Passion Vine
The most common method for propagating passion fruit is the seed.
Passion farmers prefer passion seed propagation because it is far much cheaper and easier than vegetative propagation methods.
Other plant multiplication methods exist.
For example, you can multiply the plant through grafting, cuttings, air layering, and micropropagation.
Among the above-mentioned propagation methods, grafting is the most popular among purple passion fruit farmers.
They use yellow passion as a rootstock to purple passion because the former is more vigorous and resistant to pests and diseases.
Very few farmers propagate the plant through micropropagation, cuttings, or air layering.
Climatic Requirements of the Passion Plant
In the tropics, passion fruit grows luxuriously in a wide variety of climates and altitudes.
For instance, the yellow passion (a hardy variety) can grow at 0-1500 meters above sea level.
On the other hand, purple passion grows at an altitude of 1500-1800 meters above sea level.
Other varieties of passion prefer specific environmental conditions.
Pests and Diseases
Like any plant, passion has some vulnerabilities to pests and diseases.
The most common pests that give passion farmers around the world a hard time are:
Most passion farmers report the following as the most dangerous passion diseases:
- Woodiness potyvirus
- Fusarium wilt.