If you are considering to grow passion fruit profitably, I know you may need to know ALL the passion fruit growing stages.
Ready to do it?
Well, every passion fruit plant undergoes through 7 growing stages.
At this stage, the passion plant is dormant. It is within the seed just waiting for the right conditions to germinate that is soil, water, and nutrients to germinate. Research has shown that seeds that are less than 3 months old have a higher germination percentage than older seed.
Another thing to note about the passion fruit seed is that it has a tough seed coat. For faster germination of the seed, you may need to scar the coat using sandpaper or soaking it in water for 24-48 hours before planting it.
It is advisable to sow the passion seed in a plant nursery or seed tray.
The reason for this is to make it easy to distinguish the germinated seed from weeds.
Germination of the passion seed takes about 15-21 days depending on the prevailing environmental conditions.
Once the seed germinates, it becomes a seedling.
A seedling is nothing more than a small plant.
If you planted the seed in a plant nursery on the ground, you’ll need to transplant the seed into a seed pot (preferably nylon potting sleeves) for further care for it will take about 4 months before the seedling is ready to be transplanted in the open field or garden.
In this stage, the passion plant increases in size by growing vegetatively.
That’s not all.
The number and size of leaves increase, the number of vines, root system expands in readiness of the maturity stage when it will start bearing fruit.
This growth stage starts at 4 months when it is transplanted in the open field to month 12.
The maintenance practices carried out on the plant at this stage are pest control and management, weed control, trellising, pruning and training.
This stage is most critical for it affects the future fruit productivity of the plant.
The maturity stage of the passion plant starts when it produces the first flower.
This happens when the plant is about 12-13 months.
As a horticulturist, I advise passion farmers to remove the first flowers and allow the plant to at least reach 15 months old before they can allow the flowers to become fruits.
By doing so, they allow the plant to be strong enough thus increasing its ability to carry a heavy load of fruits after 15 months.
Once a passion fruit attains an age of 12-13 month, it will continue to flower for its entire lifespan. As other flowers turn into fruit, other flowers are produced. This will continue for a period of 3-4 years when its productivity will start reducing.
The fruiting stage will start at month 12 or 13 and will continue for the next 3- 5 years.
As the plant ages, it will increase the number of fruits it produces until it reaches a peak at the year 4 then it will start reducing the number of fruits produced.
This stage is marked by decreased production of fruit, drying of old foliage, and it can go on to year 6 when the plant is no longer economically viable to keep.
That said about the growth stages of passion fruit, most growers find it economically feasible to let the passion plant live to 4 years old then uproot it for new planting.
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